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Hib is a vaccine-preventable disease

Which Diseases Do Vaccines Protect Against?1

The Canadian publicly funded health care system offers protection against 13 vaccine-preventable diseases, TB protection in certain areas and HPV vaccine for older children.

Haemophilus influenzae Type B (Hib)2, 3

Hib can cause serious invasive infections like bacterial meningitis and pneumonia, which can lead to brain damage, deafness, and even death. Symptoms of meningitis include fever and stiff neck while symptoms of pneumonia include fever and breathing difficulties. Children under 5 years of age are most at risk.2

Hib is spread mainly through coughing and sneezing, and sharing toys and utensils.3

Thanks to an effective publicly funded vaccination program introduced in 1988 in Canada, the number of children who fall ill with Hib-associated infections has dramatically declined. Most cases now occur in unvaccinated children.2

  1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Vaccine-preventable diseases.
    Accessed March 17, 2016.
  2. Public Health Agency of Canada. Haemophilus-influenzae disease.
    Accessed March 17, 2016.
  3. Public Health Agency of Canada. Invasive Haemophilus Influenzae Disease. Accessed February 24, 2014.