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Pneumococcal disease is a vaccine-preventable disease

Which Diseases Do Vaccines Protect Against?1

The Canadian publicly funded health care system offers protection against 13 vaccine-preventable diseases, TB protection in certain areas and HPV vaccine for older children.

Pneumococcal Disease2

Pneumococcal disease is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Many people carry S. pneumoniae in their noses and throats without getting sick, but occasionally the bacterium can overcome the body’s natural defenses and cause serious invasive diseases such as meningitis (an inflammation of the tissues around the brain and spinal cord), bacteraemia (blood poisoning) and bacterial pneumonia. While these serious diseases are rare, they can lead to permanent damage or death.

Pneumococcal bacteria are spread through close contact with secretions from the nose and throat (as in sharing utensils or kissing).

  1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Vaccine-preventable diseases. Accessed
    March 17, 2016.
  2. Public Health Agency of Canada. Invasive pneumococcal disease. Accessed March 17, 2016.