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Tuberculosis (TB) is a vaccine-preventable disease

Which Diseases Do Vaccines Protect Against?1

The Canadian publicly funded health care system offers protection against 13 vaccine-preventable diseases, TB protection in certain areas and HPV vaccine for older children.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious, bacterial disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

TB symptoms include coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing, weight loss and night sweats. The bacteria spread through the air when a person coughs. TB is most often an infection of the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body. There is a very high risk (up to 40%) in infants who have been infected to have rapid progression and have a higher probability of miliary (disseminated) or meningeal disease.

BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guérin) vaccine is given to infants in high-risk communities, and in infants born to mothers with infectious TB disease. This vaccine is not part of the routine immunization schedule.

  1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Vaccine.  Accessed February 27, 2014.
  2. Nunavut Department of Health. Nunavut BCG Program. Accessed February 27, 2014.